“What was the actio oneris aversi?”

Mon Mar 11 2024 at 05:30 pm to 07:00 pm

Edinburgh Law School | Edinburgh

Edinburgh Law School, University of Edinburgh
Publisher/HostEdinburgh Law School, University of Edinburgh
\u201cWhat was the actio oneris aversi?\u201d
Dr Peter Candy's research interests include Roman legal and economic history.
About this Event

About this event

D.19.2.31 contains a reply to a question of law which is attributed in Justinian’s Digest to the late-Republican jurist P. Alfenus Varus. At the beginning of the text, we are told that several people had delivered grain under contract to a certain Saufeius which was shot into common pile in the hold of his ship; and that after Saufeius had returned grain to one of them the ship went down. The question is asked if the others can proceed against Saufeius in respect of their share of the grain by raising an action for onus aversum. In a previous article, I studied the text for its stylistic qualities, especially its chiastic structure and the inferences about authorship that could be made on that basis. In this paper I intend to investigate further the nature and content of the otherwise unattested actio oneris aversi. To do so I divide the discussion into three parts: (1) Representing the text in light of my conclusions about authorship; (2) Additional considerations about the logical and rhetorical structure of the responsum; and (3) Investigation of the nature and content of the actio oneris aversi by comparison with the commission of the English tort of conversion in so-called ‘Wheat cases’. My conclusion is that the action lay for ‘conversion’ of a cargo, possessing similar features to an action for conversion in the common law.

About the speaker

Dr Peter Candy's research interests include Roman legal and economic history, with a focus on the relationship between economic development and legal change during the last centuries of the Roman Republic. He completed a PhD on the historical development of Roman maritime law at the University of Edinburgh in 2019. He has published work on the character of late Roman Republican jurisprudence and will shortly publish a monograph on ancient maritime loan contracts.

This event is hybrid.


Event Venue & Nearby Stays

Edinburgh Law School, South Bridge, Edinburgh, United Kingdom


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